An intrauterine device (IUD) is a small device that inserted into a women's uterus to prevent pregnancy. The device itself is T-shaped with a monofilament end or tail and is inserted by a heath professional in a 15 minute procedure. There are two main types of IUD, the Paragard and Mirena. When embedded in the uterus, the Paragard IUD releases copper from a wire that is entwined around this device. This Paragard can last up to ten years. A Mirena IUD radiates a progestin hormone and can last for five years.
An IUD transforms the uterus into an inhospitable environment for pregnancy. A progestin emanating IUD alters the uterus to prevent egg impanation. It also mutates the cervical mucus, transforming it into a material that prevents sperm from entering. Other IUDs trigger uterine inflammation, which in turn attracts white blood cells. These white blood cells destroy sperm, making it difficult for any to enter the uterus.
Once an IUD has been inserted by your gynecologist, you will need to check it monthly. This is to ensure that your IUD is in place, as it can potentially get pushed out. If it has been pushed out then you will need to visit your gynecologist to have it re-inserted.
Though there are many advantages to an IUD, there are also some side effects that you should be aware of. These physical effects are in direct consequence of the IUD.
In addition to side effects, IUDs also have severe complications and risks. These complications can be dire if not treated immediately. It is therefore essential that you are made aware of which specific conditions may result from the use of an IUD.
The IUD's purpose is to prevent pregnancy. Nevertheless, there is actually a slight chance of pregnancy. The likelihood of a pregnancy occurring fluctuates in accordance to the type of IUD. A copper emanating IUD has a 0.6-0.8 percent risk of pregnancy, while a Progesterone radiating device has a slightly higher risk of 1.5-2 percent.
A clinical study showed that one in every 100 women who use an IUD get pregnant. This shows that an IUD, like other contraception methods, is not 100 percent effective at preventing pregnancy. Moreover, it is important to note that most pregnancies occurring while an IUD is inserted either end in miscarriage or an ectopic pregnancy.
Ultimately, IUDs are one of the easiest and longest lasting forms of birth control. However, there are a number of serious risks that you should consider before selecting this method. If after reading this article you are interested in using an IUD, contact your doctor to determine if it is the right contraceptive method for you.