Bumps on Vagina

When a woman discovers bumps on her vagina it can cause anxiety. However, before you panic, it is important to note that there are several harmless causes for these bumps. Vaginal Bumps don't automatically indicate an STD or a contagious condition. In this article we will explore the causes for vaginal bumps, from the most common to the more rare.

Causes for bumps on vagina

Symptom: Bumps are under the skin

Have you experienced any of the following?

Most likely cause: Cysts

Cysts are a sac like structure that manifest under the skin. They are usually filled with either liquid, air, or a hard substance. There are two main types of vaginal cysts: Skene's duct cysts and Bartholin cysts. Skene duct cysts manifest around the urethra. Bartholin cysts occur outside of the vagina on the lower labia majora.

Treatment: Treatment is not normally needed for cysts, but if they are particularly large you may wish to have them drained by a doctor. If they are causing any discomfort you can relieve them with a warm bath or a heat pad.

Symptom: Bumps are red, purple, or blue

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Most likely cause: Angiomas

Angiomas are clusters of overgrown blood vessels. They are benign (harmless) and are caused by multiplying endothelial cells, which are the cells that cover blood vessels.

Treatment: Due to the fact that angiomas are harmless, treatment is not an imperative. However, if you are unsatisfied with them for cosmetic reasons, then you can have them removed through vascular laser treatment, cryotherapy, or electrosurgery.

Symptom: Bumps are small, smooth, and red

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Most likely cause: molluscum

Molluscum is a contagious skin disorder that is caused by a virus. Though it is quite a mild skin disorder, it is very contagious and can be spread through sexual contact.

Treatment: If the bumps disappear by themselves after 6-12 months, treatment will not be necessary. Alternatively, if they persist you should contact a doctor to obtain treatment. Treatment may involve a cream that is applied to the bumps or an oral medication. Laser therapy may also be a suitable avenue of treatment for molluscum.

Symptom: Bumps are soft and widespread.

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Most likely cause: Genital warts

Genital warts are growths that manifest on the skin or membrane in the vaginal region. They are caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV).

Treatment: You will need to see a doctor to treat genital warts. The normal treatment method administrated by a doctor is prescription medicine, which could be Imiquimod, Podophyllin or Trichloroacetic acid. The warts can also be removed through cryosurgery, laser surgery, or surgical removal. It is recommended that during treatment you refrain from sexual activity, as they can be spread through sex. After treatment, you will need to visit your doctor for a follow-up to ensure that the warts are completely removed.

Symptom: Bumps are painful and small.

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Most likely cause: Genital herpes

This is a sexually transmitted infection that is instigated by the herpes simplex virus.

Treatment: There is no cure for genital herpes; the treatment method only relives pain and some of the other symptoms. Antiviral medication is effective at reducing pain and can accelerate the healing process of the genital sores. If you experience reoccurring bouts of herpes, it is important that you take the antiviral medication before the actual sores manifest. They should be taken when the tingling, burning, or itchy sensation occurs. Warm baths can also relieve the pain caused by the bumps/blisters.

Symptom: Bumps change in appearance

Have you experienced any of the following?

Most likely cause: Skin cancer

This is the rarest cause of vaginal bumps, and the most deadly if left untreated.

Treatment: Surgery is the most common type of treatment for skin cancer. The aim of a surgical procedure is to remove the cancerous tissue. This can be done through laser surgery or by a scalpel. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy may also be used to treat skin cancer.

If you ever experience bumps on your vagina, it is important to notify a doctor. Though the cause is normally harmless, it could potentially be detrimental to your health. Thus it is recommended that you see a doctor immediately to obtain an accurate diagnosis.

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